Seed, Fruit, Food and Beverage Remains in the Carpathian Basin from the Neolithic

to the Late Middle Ages – CD-melléklettel

Szerző: Ferenc Gyulai

Archaeolingua, 2010

12 400 Ft
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Thanks to extensive archaeobotanical investigations, it van be now considered as a fact that the Carpathian Basin is one of the longest inhabited regions of Europe. Plant cultivation has a history of eight thousand years, the cultivation of vegetables has been pursued for four thousand years and fruit cultivation has been going on for two thousand years. Cultivated plants arrived in the Carpathian Basin with the first Neolithic agrarian culture.

This long-awaited volume presents Hungarian seed and fruit remains with respect to the assumptions that might be drawn regarding plant cultivation. The seed remains also shed light on weed history and the environmental changes taking place in Hungary in the last eight thousand years. The second half of the book is an inventory of all the seed, fruit and food remains that have been unearthed from 350 Hungarian excavation sites in the past 130 years, making the volume an indispensable treasure trove of research data for the interdisciplinary areas of archaeology.


A kötet adatai:
Kiadás éve: 2010
Terjedelem: 480 oldal


1. Introduction
2. The history of Hungarian archaeobotanical research
3. The tasks of archaeobotany and its position within the system of sciences
4. The lineage of the most important cultivated plants in the Carpathian Basin
4.1. Phylogenetics of the most important food plants
5. The processing of botanical finds
5.1. Methodological foundations of processing
5.2. Classification of botanical finds
6. Collection and processing of botanical finds
6.1. The causes and main ways of the preservation of seeds/fruits
6.2. Identification and evaluation of finds
7. The history of domesticated plants from the beginnings until the Early Modern Period
7.1. The Neolithic
7.2. The Copper Age
7.3. The Bronze Age
7.4. The Iron Age
7.5. The Roman Period
7.6. The Barbaricum in the Roman Period
7.7. The Migration Period
7.8. The Hungarian Conquest and the Árpádian Period
7.9. The Late Middle Ages
8. Food remains of archaeological cultures in the Carpathian Basin
8.1. Purpose and methods of analysis of food remains
8.2. Preparation of prehistoric food
8.3. Long forgotten farinaceous plants
8.4. On the nutritional value of ancient grains
8.5. Ethnobotanical research of einkorn and an attempt to save it
8.6. Modern examinations of ancient cereals
9. The beginnings of plant-based food
9.1. The significance of gruel-type food
10. Drink remains
11. Food remains from the archaeological periods of the Carpathian Basin
11.1. Neolithic food remains
11.2. Copper Age food remains
11.3. Bronze Age food remains
11.4. Iron Age food remains
11.5. Roman Period food remains
11.6. Migration Period food remains
11.7. Food remains from steppe cultures
11.8. Eating habits of the conquering Hungarians
11.9. Food remains of the conquering Hungarians
11.10. Medieval food remains
12. References
13. List of Figures
14. Tables
15. Explanation of key terms in the text
16. Archaeobotanical Database – supplement in CD.

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